Assessing innovativeness in the North American softwood sawmilling industry using three methods

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Abstract:

Using a mail questionnaire targeted at 500 softwood sawmills in the United States and Canada, firm innovativeness was assessed using three methods: (1) current technology, (2) self-evaluation, and (3) a new scale—the propensity to create and adopt scale. The results of these three methods were then compared to assess the performance of each method. Additionally, the relationship between firm innovativeness and financial performance was examined. Based on responses from 85sawmills (19% adjusted response rate), the results show that both the self-evaluated and the propensity to create and adopt measures differentiate between mills with high and low levels of innovativeness. The composite of the propensity to create and adopt scale shows higher reliability (Chronbach’s α = 0.97) than the self-evaluated scale (Chronbach’s α = 0.68). Significant relationships between sawmill performance and each of the three measures of innovativeness were seen, with the propensity to create and adopt scale generally having the strongest positive relationships. Current technology was significantly related to sales growth, but not gross profit.

À l’aide d’un questionnaire envoyé par la poste à 500 moulins à scie de conifères aux États-Unis et au Canada, l’innovativité de l’industrie a été évaluée en utilisant trois méthodes: (1) la technologie actuelle, (2) l’autoévaluation et (3) une nouveau barème—la propension à créer et adopter une échelle de mesure. Les résultats de ces trois méthodes ont par la suite été comparés pour évaluer la performance de chaque méthode. De plus, la relation entre l’innovativité de l’entreprise et sa performance financière a été examinée. Sur la base des réponses de 85 moulins à scie, (taux de réponse ajusté de 19%), les résultats montrent que tant l’autoévaluation que la propension à créer et adopter des mesures discriminent entre les moulins à scie qui ont un taux élevé et ceux qui ont un faible taux d’innovativité. La propension à créer et adopter une échelle de mesure est plus fiable (α de Chronbach = 0,97) que l’échelle d’autoévaluation (α de Chronbach = 0,68). Des relations significatives entre la performance des moulins à scie et chacune des trois mesures d’innovativité ont été observées; la propension à créer et adopter une échelle de mesure avait généralement la plus forte relation positive. La technologie actuelle était significativement reliée à la croissance des ventes mais non au profit brut.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: February 1, 2008

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  • Published since 1971, this monthly journal features articles, reviews, notes and commentaries on all aspects of forest science, including biometrics and mensuration, conservation, disturbance, ecology, economics, entomology, fire, genetics, management, operations, pathology, physiology, policy, remote sensing, social science, soil, silviculture, wildlife and wood science, contributed by internationally respected scientists. It also publishes special issues dedicated to a topic of current interest.
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