Overview of the International Crown Fire Modelling Experiment (ICFME)

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Abstract:

The International Crown Fire Modelling Experiment (ICFME), carried out between 1995 and 2001 in Canada's Northwest Territories, involved 18 experimental high-intensity crown fires, with more than 100 participants representing 30 organizations from 14 countries. ICFME has provided valuable new data and insights into the nature and characteristics of crowning forest fires, which will assist in addressing fire management problems and opportunities affecting both people and ecosystems in future decades. ICFME evolved as the result of a number of converging issues: the recognition that the US and Canada could not continue separate approaches to fire behaviour model development, the opening of Russia to the western world, increased communication, and the formation of international associations to facilitate collaboration. While the initial impetus for ICFME was the desire to improve the physical modeling of crown fire propagation and spread, the project also created the opportunity to examine many other aspects and impacts of crown fires. This special issue of the Canadian Journal of Forest Research devoted to ICFME is intended to summarize most of the major research results from the project.

Dans le cadre de L'Expérience internationale de modélisation des feux de cimes (EIMFC), 18 feux de cimes expérimentaux de forte intensité ont été provoqués dans les Territoires du Nord-Ouest du Canada. L'EIMFC, qui a mobilisé une centaine de chercheurs issus de 30 organismes et représentant 14 pays, a fourni de riches données et renseignements sur la nature et les caractéristiques des feux de cimes en forêt, qui contribueront indubitablement à résoudre les difficultés de gestion des incendies qui affectent l'homme et les écosystèmes. Plusieurs facteurs ont influé sur la progression de L'EIMFC, notamment la mise en évidence du fait que les É.-U. et le Canada se devaient d'unir leurs efforts dans l'élaboration de modèles de comportement des feux, l'ouverture du rideau de fer en Russie, la multiplication des échanges et la constitution d'associations internationales destinées à favoriser la collaboration. Si cette expérience internationale avait pour principale visée d'améliorer la modélisation physique de la transmission et de la propagation du feu, elle a toutefois aussi permis d'examiner plusieurs autres aspects et facteurs d'incidence des feux de cimes. Le présent numéro de la Revue canadienne de recherche forestière consacré à L'EIMFC constitue une synthèse des constatations les plus marquantes de cette expérience.[Traduit par la Rédaction]

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2004

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  • Published since 1971, this monthly journal features articles, reviews, notes and commentaries on all aspects of forest science, including biometrics and mensuration, conservation, disturbance, ecology, economics, entomology, fire, genetics, management, operations, pathology, physiology, policy, remote sensing, social science, soil, silviculture, wildlife and wood science, contributed by internationally respected scientists. It also publishes special issues dedicated to a topic of current interest.
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