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Establishment size and employment stability in logging and sawmilling: a comparative analysis

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Wood products employment stability (defined as year-to-year variation) was examined as a function of establishment size (grouped by number of employees). Small- and medium-sized establishments were consistently found to be more stable than large establishments. Comparison of Washington, Oregon, the United States, and Japan showed that the relationship between establishment size and employment stability was maintained regardless of long-term growth or decline in wood-products employment. Moreover, the smaller wood-products establishments in the United States were found to be more stable than the smaller establishments in other manufacturing industries. Structural stability in employment has been associated with the highly competitive nature of smaller wood-products establishments. Employment stability can best be promoted by policies that support the continued viability of smaller establishments.

La stabilité des emplois dans l'industrie de transformation du bois (définie comme la variation d'une année à l'autre) a été examinée en fonction de la taille des entreprises (regroupées par nombre d'employés). Nous avons observé que les entreprises de petite et moyenne tailles sont systématiquement plus stables que les grandes entreprises. La comparaison entre l'état de Washington, l'état de l'Oregon, les États-Unis et le Japon montre que la relation entre la taille des entreprises et la stabilité des emplois demeure la même qu'il y ait une augmentation ou une diminution à long terme des emplois dans l'industrie de transformation du bois. De plus, nous avons constaté que les plus petites entreprises de transformation du bois aux États-Unis sont plus stables que les autres industries manufacturières. La stabilité structurelle de l'emploi est associée à la nature hautement compétitive des petites entreprises de transformation du bois. La meilleure façon de promouvoir la stabilité des emplois consiste à adopter des politiques qui contribuent à maintenir la viabilité des petites entreprises.[Traduit par la Rédaction]

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2002

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  • Published since 1971, this monthly journal features articles, reviews, notes and commentaries on all aspects of forest science, including biometrics and mensuration, conservation, disturbance, ecology, economics, entomology, fire, genetics, management, operations, pathology, physiology, policy, remote sensing, social science, soil, silviculture, wildlife and wood science, contributed by internationally respected scientists. It also publishes special issues dedicated to a topic of current interest.
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