Advancing the application of the ideal free distribution to spatial models of fishing effort: the isodar approach

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Abstract:

The ideal free distribution (IFD) of behavioral ecology has been used in the study of the distribution of fishing effort since the 1990s. Concurrently, evolutionary perspectives on forager distributions have led to the development of theoretical curves of equal fitness, named isodars, to test IFD hypotheses. We develop isodars, based upon catch rates and unknown costs, to quantify regularity in the distribution of fishing effort among alternative areas. Our analyses indicate that these isodars provide significantly better predictions than a simple IFD without costs. Autocorrelation in the catch and effort data necessitates the use of generalized linear least squares when estimating model parameters. Differences in costs that are proportional to effort are more clearly identified in the model than nonlinear effects, which may arise from extreme interference competition. The isodar approach provides a new tool for examining the spatial dynamics of catch and effort data. It improves the accuracy of predictions and provides new parameters related to costs and vessel interactions that can be applied to rapidly identify situations where effort dynamics have changed.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f2012-091

Publication date: October 21, 2012

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  • Published continuously since 1901 (under various titles), this monthly journal is the primary publishing vehicle for the multidisciplinary field of aquatic sciences. It publishes perspectives (syntheses, critiques, and re-evaluations), discussions (comments and replies), articles, and rapid communications, relating to current research on cells, organisms, populations, ecosystems, or processes that affect aquatic systems. The journal seeks to amplify, modify, question, or redirect accumulated knowledge in the field of fisheries and aquatic science. Occasional supplements are dedicated to single topics or to proceedings of international symposia.
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