Life history schedule and periodic recruitment of female snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) in the eastern Bering Sea

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Abstract:

Snow crab (Chionoecetes opilio) populations have fluctuated cyclically in eastern Canada and the eastern Bering Sea, where recruitment to the mature female pool has occurred over a period of three decades (1978–2007) in pulses with a mean period of 7 years. It has been hypothesized that this was the result of a parent–offspring relation between sequentially linked strong cohorts of mature primiparous females, which requires that periodicity matches the time lapsed between egg extrusion by the maternal broodstock and the offspring reaching maturity. We show that female age at maturity (post-settlement) varies between 4.5 and 7.5 years, with most females maturing at 5.5–6.5 years (7–8 years after egg extrusion). Pulses of female recruitment to the mature population do not show a latitudinal trend, consistent with uniformity in age-at-maturity. Results of tracking crab abundance and size–frequency distributions in cod stomach and trawl samples between successive pulses of the cycle are consistent with the hypothesis of serial linkage among pulses. Periodicity is reflected in trends of clutch fullness and average shell condition and in the negative correlation between the strength of primiparous female cohorts and the mean size of their members.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/f2011-173

Affiliations: 1: School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. 2: Centro Nacional Patagónico, 9120 Puerto Madryn, Argentina.

Publication date: March 5, 2012

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  • Published continuously since 1901 (under various titles), this monthly journal is the primary publishing vehicle for the multidisciplinary field of aquatic sciences. It publishes perspectives (syntheses, critiques, and re-evaluations), discussions (comments and replies), articles, and rapid communications, relating to current research on cells, organisms, populations, ecosystems, or processes that affect aquatic systems. The journal seeks to amplify, modify, question, or redirect accumulated knowledge in the field of fisheries and aquatic science. Occasional supplements are dedicated to single topics or to proceedings of international symposia.
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