Mysis diluviana population and cohort dynamics in Lake Ontario before and after the establishment of Dreissena spp., Cercopagis pengoi, and Bythotrephes longimanus
Source: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Volume 68, Number 5, May 2011 , pp. 795-811(17)
Publisher: NRC Research Press
Abstract:We investigated population responses of <named-content content-type="species" xlink:type="simple">Mysis</named-content> to ecosystem changes induced by invasion of dreissenids and predatory cladocerans, <named-content content-type="genus" xlink:type="simple">Cercopagis</named-content> and <named-content content-type="genus" xlink:type="simple">Bythotrephes</named-content>. Lake productivity declined as dreissenids invaded the offshore region. Whole-lake mysid biomass was compared before (early 1990s) and after (2002-2007) the invasion period; it declined 40%-45%. Abundance of young mysids and presence of a summer cohort increased with summer, epilmnetic, nighttime zooplankton biomass (i.e., food biomass index). Cercopagis + Bythotrephes biomass was negatively correlated with this index, implicating them in the mysid decline. Eggs per gravid female increased with autumn, total-water-column zooplankton biomass, reflecting the greater use of hypolimnetic waters by adults. Reproductive success was below replacement during the period 2002-2005. First-year mysid growth rate was maintained while population abundance declined, suggesting selection for individuals that feed effectively at low food concentrations. Mortality rates in the first and second years were dependent on cohort density, indicating that competition for food limited abundance in the first 2 years. Fish predation indices (smelt and alewife combined) were correlated positively with mortality rates and negatively with abundance in the third year. Thus, mysids cannot support as many fish in invaded compared with non-invaded lakes. They may also not be a stable food resource; unusual cohort losses occurred in some years.
Document Type: Research article
Affiliations: 1: Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Science, Canada Centre for Inland Waters, Bington, ON L7R 4A6, Canada. 2: Cornell Biological Field Station, 900 Shackleton Point Road, Bridgeport, NY 13100, USA. 3: United States Geological Survey, Great Lakes Science Center, Lake Ontario Biological Station, 17 Lake Street, Oswego, NY 13126, USA.
Publication date: 2011-05-18
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