Evaluating bridge survey ability to detect river otter Lontra canadensis presence: a comparative study
Authors: Gallant, Daniel; Vasseur, Liette; Bérubé, Céline H.
Source: Wildlife Biology, Volume 14, Number 1, March 2008 , pp. 61-69(9)
Publisher: Nordic Board for Wildlife Research
Abstract:Many researchers use bridges as search sites to monitor freshwater otter species along watercourses. Bridges enable rapid and easy access to their habitat, but for most otter species little is known on whether these anthropogenic structures affect their distribution, their marking preferences, and consequently, the ability of such surveys to detect their presence. We investigated the bridge survey method using data gathered during four winters of survey along the rivers and streams of Kouchibouguac National Park and surrounding area in New Brunswick, Canada. Our results show that sign surveys using bridges as search sites can have the same capability to detect river otter Lontra canadensis occurrences as surveys using randomly distributed sites. Future surveys can be improved by increasing search distance at bridge sites. This will increase detection rates and safeguard against results under representing otter occurrence in the landscape, which could prompt unnecessary conservation actions. Researchers choosing to increase search distance are advised to augment survey efforts in order to maintain large sample sizes, ensuring sufficient statistical power for tests aiming to detect trends in river otter occurrence.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2008-03-01
- WILDLIFE BIOLOGY was initiated in 1994 by the Nordic Council for Wildlife Research (NKV) and is published four times a year (March, June, September and December). Wildlife Biology is sponsored by NKV, and the National Environmental Research Institute (NERI), KalÝ, is responsible for the technical production.
WILDLIFE BIOLOGY is a high-quality scientific forum directing concise and up-to-date information to scientists, administrators, game managers and conservationists.
- Editorial Board
- Information for Authors
- Subscribe to this Title
- ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites