Accident Scenarios-Based Detail Design of a Life-Saving Appliance for Search and Rescue Activities

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Generally, in fatal accidents that occur at sea, the victims suddenly enter cold water. Because the victims can survive for only a brief time, the required rescue time is often more important than the quality of the victim’s lifejacket or life-saving equipment. Additionally, locating a person in distress at sea during night time or inclement weather is difficult. We believe that rescue equipment such as SARTs (Search and Rescue Transponders) and EPIRBs (Emergency Position Indicating Radio Beacons) are effective rescue devices, but these devices are still expensive, large, and limited to personal use. For these reasons, establishing the proof-of-concept for a new life-saving appliance (LSA) using the characteristic radar cross-section has been proposed. To realize proof-of-concept for this device, the service environment must be considered and the functional reliability of the LSA, based on the characteristics of the human body, must be guaranteed. In this paper, a detailed design of the LSA is proposed using a systems engineering-based design process and quantitative functional reliability verification tool.

Keywords: business model; ergonomics; life-saving appliance; search and rescue; systems engineering

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: January 1, 2014

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  • The Marine Technology Society Journal is the flagship publication of the Marine Technology Society. It publishes the highest caliber, peer-reviewed papers on subjects of interest to the society: marine technology, ocean science, marine policy and education. The Journal is dedicated to publishing timely special issues on emerging ocean community concerns while also showcasing general interest and student-authored works.
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