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Performance Modeling of Ducted Vertical Axis Turbine Using Computational Fluid Dynamics

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Vertical axis turbines (VATs) excel over horizontal axis turbines in their independent flow direction. VATs that operate in an enclosure, e.g., a diffuser shroud, are reported to generate more power than unducted VATs. A diffuser-shrouded, high solidity of 36.67%, three-blade VAT with NACA 633-018 airfoil section is modeled in 2-D using the commercial software ANSYS-FLUENT®. Incompressible, unsteady, segregated, implicit, and second order in time and space solver is implemented in association with the Spalart-Allmaras turbulent model with a reasonable computational cost. The computational results are assessed against experimental data for unducted VAT at low tip speed ratios between 1 and 2 for further numerical analysis on diffuser models. Different diffuser designs are investigated using suitable nozzle size, area ratio, length-to-diameter ratio and angles between the diffuser inner surfaces. The numerical model shows that, for a specific diffuser design, the ducted VAT performance coefficient can be augmented by almost 90% over its unducted counterpart.
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Keywords: ducted turbine; hydrokinetic turbine; shrouded; turbine

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2013-07-01

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  • The Marine Technology Society Journal is the flagship publication of the Marine Technology Society. It publishes the highest caliber, peer-reviewed papers on subjects of interest to the society: marine technology, ocean science, marine policy and education. The Journal is dedicated to publishing timely special issues on emerging ocean community concerns while also showcasing general interest and student-authored works.
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