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Investigating the Influence of the Added Mass Effect to Marine Hydrokinetic Horizontal-Axis Turbines Using a General Dynamic Wake Wind Turbine Code

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This paper describes a recent study to investigate the applicability of a horizontal-axis wind turbine structural dynamics and unsteady aerodynamics analysis program (FAST and AeroDyn, respectively) for modeling the forces on marine hydrokinetic turbines. This paper summarizes the added mass model that has been added to AeroDyn. The added mass model only includes flow acceleration perpendicular to the rotor disc and ignores added mass forces caused by blade deflection. A model of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s Unsteady Aerodynamics Experiment Phase VI wind turbine was analyzed using FAST and AeroDyn with seawater conditions and the new added mass model. The results of this analysis exhibited a 3.6% change in thrust for a rapid pitch case and a slight change in amplitude and phase of thrust for a case with 30° of yaw.

Keywords: AeroDyn; FAST; added mass; marine hydrokinetic; unsteady; water turbine; wind turbine

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4031/MTSJ.46.4.4

Publication date: July 1, 2012

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  • The Marine Technology Society Journal is the flagship publication of the Marine Technology Society. It publishes the highest caliber, peer-reviewed papers on subjects of interest to the society: marine technology, ocean science, marine policy and education. The Journal is dedicated to publishing timely special issues on emerging ocean community concerns while also showcasing general interest and student-authored works.
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