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Framework for Evaluating the Fate, Transport, and Risks From Conventional Munitions Compounds in Underwater Environments

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Legacy underwater munitions may leak munitions constituents and, thereby, contaminate the environment and expose people to energetic compounds. This paper reviews the sources of underwater munitions, how munitions compounds are released, and their fate and transport characteristics. Because some of these energetic compounds and their environmental transformation products are toxic, we also describe the types of data needed to evaluate potential human and ecological risks at underwater munitions sites.
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Keywords: RDX; TNT; explosives toxicity; munitions compounds; nitrophenols

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2011-11-01

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  • The Marine Technology Society Journal is the flagship publication of the Marine Technology Society. It publishes the highest caliber, peer-reviewed papers on subjects of interest to the society: marine technology, ocean science, marine policy and education. The Journal is dedicated to publishing timely special issues on emerging ocean community concerns while also showcasing general interest and student-authored works.
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