Wave Steepness and Relative Width: Influence on Transmission Coefficient of Horizontal Interlaced, Multilayered, Moored Floating Pipe Breakwater With Five Layers
This paper presents the results of a series of physical model scale experiments conducted to determine the transmission characteristics of a horizontal interlaced, multilayered, moored floating pipe breakwater. The studies are conducted on physical breakwater models having five layers of PVC pipes. The wave steepness (Hi/gT2, where Hi is incident wave height, g is acceleration due to gravity, and T is time period) was varied between 0.063 and 0.849, relative width (W/L, where W is width of breakwater and L is the wavelength) was varied between 0.4 and 2.65, and relative spacing (S/D, where S is horizontal centre to centre spacing of pipes and D is the diameter of pipes) was set equal to 2. The transmitted wave height is measured, and the gathered data are analyzed by plotting nondimensional graphs depicting the variation of Kt (transmission coefficient) with Hi/gT2 for values of d/W (d is depth of water) and of Kt with W/L for values of Hi/d. It is observed that Kt decreases as Hi/gT2 increases for the range of d/W between 0.082 and 0.139. It is also observed that Kt decreases with an increase in W/L values for the range of Hi/d from 0.06 to 0.40. The maximum wave attenuation achieved with the present breakwater configuration is 78%.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2011-09-01
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