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Peak-to-Average Power Ratio Reduction for Acoustic Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Systems

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Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is an appealing modulation scheme for high-rate underwater acoustic communications that are challenged by multipath propagation. However, it has a drawback in the large peak-to-average power ratio (PAR). Techniques for PAR reduction have been extensively studied for radio communication systems. Although these techniques are applicable to acoustic systems, we take a different approach that aims to capitalize on the fundamental differences between the acoustic and the radio systems; namely, the fact that acoustic transmissions are inherently band limited. We extend the tone reservation technique to the out-of-band carriers and design efficient methods for constructing OFDM signals with lower PAR. Two approaches are investigated, one based on a gradient algorithm and another that uses random sequences. Simulation results show that our techniques can provide PAR reduction without the loss in data rate.

Keywords: OFDM; Out-of-band tone insertion; PAR; Peak-to-average power ratio; Underwater acoustic communications

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4031/MTSJ.44.4.4

Publication date: July 1, 2010

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  • The Marine Technology Society Journal is the flagship publication of the Marine Technology Society. It publishes the highest caliber, peer-reviewed papers on subjects of interest to the society: marine technology, ocean science, marine policy and education. The Journal is dedicated to publishing timely special issues on emerging ocean community concerns while also showcasing general interest and student-authored works.
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