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Outfall Inspections, Token Repairs, and Major Remedial Works

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The coastal marine environment is fraught with risk for any exposed or minimally-buried seabed structure such as an outfall. Thus, conduits of this type should be inspected on a regular basis, whether by divers, remotely operated vehicles, or manned submersibles. Small deficiencies may be handled upon detection by the same person or system. Major problems will require a competent marine contractor and an elapse of time. The paper lists a number of outfall malfunctions of various scales and, in most cases, the remedial measures pursued. With care, a typical pipe of this type should function efficiently for many years.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: June 1, 2007

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  • The Marine Technology Society Journal is the flagship publication of the Marine Technology Society. It publishes the highest caliber, peer-reviewed papers on subjects of interest to the society: marine technology, ocean science, marine policy and education. The Journal is dedicated to publishing timely special issues on emerging ocean community concerns while also showcasing general interest and student-authored works.
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