Developing the IOOS for Improved Management and Mitigation of Coastal Inundation
Ocean.US was established by the National Ocean Research Leadership Council in 2000 to (1) design and prepare strategic plans for implementing and improving an integrated ocean observing system (IOOS) for the United States, (2) promote coordinated implementation of these plans, and (3) promote research and development needed to improve operational capabilities. Among the highest priorities for phased development of the IOOS is improving capabilities to predict, manage, and mitigate effects of coastal inundation caused by hurricanes, tropical storms, extra-tropical cyclones, nor'easters, and tsunamis. Based on the needs of three categories of users (real-time responders, post event re-builders, and long-term planners), high priorities for IOOS development are to (1) improve the accuracy and timeliness of forecast maps of the time-space extent of coastal inundation and (2) periodically provide accurate, high resolution, timely assessments of changes in susceptibility (vulnerability and risk) to and impacts of coastal inundation. Data requirements and advances in operational modeling capabilities to address these objectives and actions needed to achieve them are described. A key action for meeting these requirements is the development of community modeling approaches to enable more effective collaboration among research and operational communities to improve and expand operational modeling capabilities in support of decision making by all three categories of users. Community modeling activities should include coordinated development of observational and modeling capabilities and the development of test beds, ensemble modeling capabilities, and experiments to validate models and improve predictive skills (e.g., Observing System Simulation Experiments).
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2006-12-01
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- The Marine Technology Society Journal is the flagship publication of the Marine Technology Society. It publishes the highest caliber, peer-reviewed papers on subjects of interest to the society: marine technology, ocean science, marine policy and education. The Journal is dedicated to publishing timely special issues on emerging ocean community concerns while also showcasing general interest and student-authored works.
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