A neotype is designated for the persimmon anthracnose pathogen Gloeosporium kaki Hori and the fungus is transferred to Colletotrichum as Colletotrichum horii nom. nov. Molecular and morphological analyses place this species as a distinct group within the Colletotrichum
gloeosporioides sensu lato species complex. The fungus is associated with dieback and canker of twigs and young branches of persimmon, as well as spots on unripe fruit. The disease occurs on persimmon in China, Japan, and Korea, and is reported for the first time from New Zealand.