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Das Reformationsjubiläum von 1921

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The article deals with the Reformation Jubilee of 1921, the 400th anniversary of Luther's appearance before the Diet of Worms 1521 which was celebrated throughout Germany with Worms and Stuttgart as the centers. Today this event is completely forgotten, but at the time it made the headlines in the German media for days. Celebrated in the midst of the immediate aftermath of Germany's defeat in the First World War – with all the political and economic turmoil this entailed – the 1921 jubilee is particularly interesting for the historian today because its programs mirrored the ecclesial, theological as well as social trends and tensions within German society in the early Weimar Republic. Each segment of church and society projected its despair and hopes on the »Hero of Worms«. Thus largely stripped of his theological message, Martin Luther appeared as the champion of enlightenment, the German nation, confessionalism, ecumenical endeavours and – most of all – as the saviour who could rescue the German people from a life characterized by political shock, existential disillusion, and religious void.

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2013

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  • Die Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche (ZThK) erörtert zentrale Themen theologischen Denkens und kirchlicher Praxis. Sie wendet sich an Studierende wie Lehrende, an Pfarrer und Pfarrerinnen, Lehrerinnen und Lehrer, die regelmäßig Einblick in die wichtigsten aktuellen Forschungen in allen theologischen Disziplinen gewinnen wollen. Sie ist eine wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift, die gründlich informiert und zu eigener theologischer Arbeit anregen will.
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