Skip to main content

Der Einwand rechtmäßigen Alternativverhaltens

– Rechtsvergleich, ökonomische Analyse und Implikationen für die Proportionalhaftung –

Buy Article:

$33.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Abstract:

The Doctrine of “rechtmäßiges Alternativverhalten”

– A Comparative and Economic Approach and its Implications for Proportional Liability

The German doctrine of “rechtmäßiges Alternativverhalten” is a defence which allows the tortfeasor to steer clear of any compensatory claim for harm that would have still occurred even if he had exercised due care. A comparative analysis reveals that this doctrine and its equivalent in Common Law, where it is often viewed as an issue of causation, are recognised across jurisdictions. Its purpose is to prevent over-compensation. From an economic perspective, over-compensation can be shown to be harmful in a negligence-based liability system if court decisions are likely to be imprecise due to difficulties in fact-finding. Hence, under this very realistic scenario, the doctrine plays an important efficiency role by improving the quality of negligence-based liability rules. However, the defence and its functional equivalents in the Common Law are not generally recognised by courts if the hypothetical course of action under due care is uncertain. This is because, under standard rules of proof, the court would often have to rule against the plaintiff if the latter could not establish up to a certain probability threshold that the defendant's deviation from due care had caused the harm. In such a case the courts often rule against the defendant, effectively ignoring the defence. This reintroduces the identified inefficiencies stemming from over-compensation. Assessing liability proportional to the probability that harm was caused by the defendant can be shown to solve this problem. Moreover, this article argues that the application of the proportional liability rule also has a strong doctrinal appeal. In fact, this very rule stems from the consistent application of the doctrine of “rechtmäßiges Alternativverhalten” and the causation requirement in situations of uncertainty.

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1628/003372509788213561

Publication date: 2009-04-01

More about this publication?
  • Die Zeitschrift wurde 1927 von Ernst Rabel als das deutsche Zentralorgan und Forum f�r die Grundlagenforschung auf den Gebieten des Privat-, Wirtschafts- und Verfahrensrechts in ihren internationalen Aspekten gegr�ndet. Fachgebiete f�r alle diese Materien sind also die Rechtsvergleichung und das Auslandsrecht, das Internationale Privat-, Wirtschafts- und Verfahrensrecht sowie die Rechtsvereinheitlichung einschlie�lich des Europarechts.

    Die Zeitschrift versteht sich als Forum internationaler wissenschaftlicher Auseinandersetzung und geistigen Austausches mit der ausl�ndischen Forschung. Sie publiziert grundlegende Aufs�tze (in Deutsch, Englisch, Franz�sisch) aus allen Arbeitsgebieten des Instituts, unter Einbeziehung des Wirtschafts- und Europarechts. Besonders beachtet werden die �bereinkommen, Richtlinien und Verordnungen der Europ�ischen Gemeinschaften sowie die �bereinkommen der Haager Konferenz f�r IPR. Neue Gesetzestexte, Abkommen und rechtsvergleichende Entw�rfe werden als Materialien abgedruckt und kritisch gew�rdigt. F�r die Besprechung der in- und ausl�ndischen Literatur gibt es einen umfangreichen Rezensionsteil.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Terms & Conditions
  • About Us
  • Contact
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more