If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

The Doctrine of “rechtmäßiges Alternativverhalten”

– A Comparative and Economic Approach and its Implications for Proportional Liability Der Einwand rechtmäßigen Alternativverhaltens

– Rechtsvergleich, ökonomische Analyse und Implikationen für die Proportionalhaftung –

$33.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

The German doctrine of “rechtmäßiges Alternativverhalten” is a defence which allows the tortfeasor to steer clear of any compensatory claim for harm that would have still occurred even if he had exercised due care. A comparative analysis reveals that this doctrine and its equivalent in Common Law, where it is often viewed as an issue of causation, are recognised across jurisdictions. Its purpose is to prevent over-compensation. From an economic perspective, over-compensation can be shown to be harmful in a negligence-based liability system if court decisions are likely to be imprecise due to difficulties in fact-finding. Hence, under this very realistic scenario, the doctrine plays an important efficiency role by improving the quality of negligence-based liability rules. However, the defence and its functional equivalents in the Common Law are not generally recognised by courts if the hypothetical course of action under due care is uncertain. This is because, under standard rules of proof, the court would often have to rule against the plaintiff if the latter could not establish up to a certain probability threshold that the defendant's deviation from due care had caused the harm. In such a case the courts often rule against the defendant, effectively ignoring the defence. This reintroduces the identified inefficiencies stemming from over-compensation. Assessing liability proportional to the probability that harm was caused by the defendant can be shown to solve this problem. Moreover, this article argues that the application of the proportional liability rule also has a strong doctrinal appeal. In fact, this very rule stems from the consistent application of the doctrine of “rechtmäßiges Alternativverhalten” and the causation requirement in situations of uncertainty.

Language: ger

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1628/003372509788213561

Publication date: April 1, 2009

More about this publication?
  • Founded in 1927. Areas of specific interest are comparative law and foreign law, the conflict of laws, the law of international transactions and the unification of law, including the law of the European Union.

    Die Zeitschrift wurde 1927 von Ernst Rabel als das deutsche Zentralorgan und Forum für die Grundlagenforschung auf den Gebieten des Privat-, Wirtschafts- und Verfahrensrechts in ihren internationalen Aspekten gegründet. Fachgebiete für alle diese Materien sind also die Rechtsvergleichung und das Auslandsrecht, das Internationale Privat-, Wirtschafts- und Verfahrensrecht sowie die Rechtsvereinheitlichung einschließlich des Europarechts.

    Die Zeitschrift versteht sich als Forum internationaler wissenschaftlicher Auseinandersetzung und geistigen Austausches mit der ausländischen Forschung. Sie publiziert grundlegende Aufsätze (in Deutsch, Englisch, Französisch) aus allen Arbeitsgebieten des Instituts, unter Einbeziehung des Wirtschafts- und Europarechts. Besonders beachtet werden die Übereinkommen, Richtlinien und Verordnungen der Europäischen Gemeinschaften sowie die Übereinkommen der Haager Konferenz für IPR. Neue Gesetzestexte, Abkommen und rechtsvergleichende Entwürfe werden als Materialien abgedruckt und kritisch gewürdigt. Für die Besprechung der in- und ausländischen Literatur gibt es einen umfangreichen Rezensionsteil.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Information for Advertisers
  • Terms & Conditions
  • Studien zum auslandischen und internationalen Privatrecht
  • Beitrage zum auslandischen und internationalen Privatrecht
  • Jus Privatum
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more