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Content loaded within last 14 days On the Difficulty of Collusion in the Presence of a More Efficient Outsider

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We study the ability of several identical firms to collude in the presence of a more efficient firm, which does not take part in their collusive agreement. The cartel firms adopt stick-and-carrot strategies, while the efficient firm plays its one-period best-response function, regardless of the history of play. We characterize the most collusive symmetric punishment, which maximizes the scope for collusion. We then find that either a lower cost disadvantage or a smaller cartel size facilitates collusion. Finally, we compare our results with those obtained in the standard setup where all firms participate in the collusive agreement.
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Keywords: COST ASYMMETRY; OPTIMAL PUNISHMENTS; OUTSIDER; REPEATED GAME; TACIT COLLUSION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 December 2018

This article was made available online on 09 January 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "On the Difficulty of Collusion in the Presence of a More Efficient Outsider".

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  • Founded as Zeitschrift für die gesamte Staatswissenschaft in 1844.

    As one of the oldest journals in the field of political economy, the Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE) deals traditionally with the problems of economics, social policy, and their legal framework. JITE is listed in the Journal of Economic Literature, the Social Science Citation Index, the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences, and COREJ.

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    From 2013 on all accepted articles are published in an Online First version (in their final layout) to make them searchable and citable by their DOI immediately after peer review and acceptance. Once the article is published in an issue of the journal, the Online First version will be removed.

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