Wadi el-Hôl Inscription 2 and The Early Semitic Alphabetic Graph *ǵ, *ǵull-, “yoke”

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Abstract:

In the second of two early alphabetic inscriptions from the Wadi el-Hôl in Egypt, an unidentified graph appears twice. I hypothesize that the acrophone for the graph is the double ox-yoke with neck thongs on each end, which was called a *ǵullu, “yoke” in Proto-Northwest Semitic. According to this hypothesis, *ǵullu is the acrophone for the Proto-Semitic phoneme */ǵ/. On this basis, I offer a tentative decipherment of the inscription.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1628/219222713X13757034787711

Publication date: June 1, 2013

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  • Edited by: Gary N. Knoppers (University Park PA), Oded Lipschits (Tel Aviv), Carol A. Newsom (Atlanta GA) and Konrad Schmid (Zürich)

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    Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel is a new, peer-reviewed, quarterly journal focusing primarily on the biblical texts in their ancient historical contexts, but also on the history of Israel in its own right.

    Each issue has a topical focus. The primary language is English, but articles may also be published in German and French. A specific goal of the new journal is to foster discussion among different academic cultures within a larger international context pertaining to the study of the Hebrew Bible and ancient Israel in the first millennium B. C. E.

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