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Der vergossene Becher. Ritual und Gemeinschaft im lukanischen Mahlbericht

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In the word over the cup according to Luke's account of the Last Supper (Luke 22:20), the syntactically correct translation implies that the cup, not the blood, is poured out, thus indicating a libation. The paper explores the ritual form and functions of sympotic libations and, by this means, establishes a coherent understanding of the cup and its interpretation as the New Covenant. As a consequence, the so-called Eucharistic words refer to the main parts of the ritual rather than to the foodstuffs. This understanding first begins to change from the 3rd century onward when the ritual form of the Eucharist as a real meal was gradually replaced by token meals.

Language: German

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2012-03-01

More about this publication?
  • The journal is concerned with early Christianity as a historical phenomenon. Thereby, Early Christianity aims to overcome certain limitations which have hindered the development of the discipline, including the concept of the "New Testament" itself. The journal, then, is taken to cover not only the first Christian century but also the second.

    This journal will not, however, give any special prominence to reception-history or to the second century. The total phenomenon called "early Christianity" comprises a kaleidoscopic range of individual phenomena, including communal structures, social norms, discursive practices, points of conflict, material remains, and much else – far more than just the production and reception of texts. This journal will strive to reflect this multiplicity of contexts, in the expectation of new light on our subject-matter from a variety of angles.

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