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,,Vater, in deine Hände übergebe ich meinen Geist“.

Das Kreuzeswort Jesu in Lk 23,46 und die Rezeption von Ps 31,6 im frühen Judentum und Christentum

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The last words of Jesus in Luke 23:46 are not – as often stated in secondary literature – the night prayer of a pious Jew, but build upon a reading of Ps 31:6, which was wide-spread in Early Judaism: In Jewish literature contemporary to the Gospel of Luke, Ps 31:6 was generally associated with the death of the righteous one, who in that moment, especially when persecuted, handed over his soul to God. Ps 31:6 was thereby also interpreted in the light of a dichotomous anthropology; giving the concept of a general body/soul dichotomy a biblical foundation was one of the functions of this verse.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: December 1, 2011

More about this publication?
  • The journal is concerned with early Christianity as a historical phenomenon. Thereby, Early Christianity aims to overcome certain limitations which have hindered the development of the discipline, including the concept of the "New Testament" itself. The journal, then, is taken to cover not only the first Christian century but also the second.

    This journal will not, however, give any special prominence to reception-history or to the second century. The total phenomenon called "early Christianity" comprises a kaleidoscopic range of individual phenomena, including communal structures, social norms, discursive practices, points of conflict, material remains, and much else – far more than just the production and reception of texts. This journal will strive to reflect this multiplicity of contexts, in the expectation of new light on our subject-matter from a variety of angles.

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