On the Dating of Polycarp: Rethinking the Place of the Martyrdom of Polycarp in the History of Christianity

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Abstract:

Der Aufsatz unternimmt eine Neubewertung der Hinweise auf die kompositorische Einheit, Authentizität, Datierung und Rezeptionsgeschichte des ,,Martyrium des Polykarp“. Er regt zunächst zu Vorsicht bei der Untersuchung des Textes und darauf aufbauenden Konstruktionen der Martyriumsgeschichte an. Dann legt er dar, dass die Erzählung zwar eine literarische Einheit, aber kein Augenzeugenbericht ist. Weiterhin legen die rechtlichen Fragen, biblische Parallelen, der Gebrauch des Ausdrucks , katholische Kirche', das Verhalten des Quintus, die apologia für das Fehlen von Reliquien, die Epiloge im inventio-Stil und die Sorge über den Status der Märtyrer nahe, dass die erweiterte Version der Darstellung eine erhebliche Zeit nach den Ereignissen, vielleicht erst Mitte des 3. Jh. verfasst wurde.

Keywords: BIBLICAL INTERPRETATION; CULT OF THE SAINTS; INVENTIO; MARTYRDOM; MARTYRDOM OF POLYCARP; MONTANISM

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1628/186870310793597051

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • Edited by Jörg Frey, Clare K. Rothschild, Jens Schröter and Francis Watson

    Managing Editor: Jens Schröter

    The journal is concerned with early Christianity as a historical phenomenon. Thereby, "Early Christianity" aims to overcome certain limitations which have hindered the development of the discipline, including the concept of the "New Testament" itself. The journal, then, is taken to cover not only the first Christian century but also the second.

    This journal will not, however, give any special prominence to reception-history or to the second century. The total phenomenon called "early Christianity" comprises a kaleidoscopic range of individual phenomena, including communal structures, social norms, discursive practices, points of conflict, material remains, and much else – far more than just the production and reception of texts. This journal will strive to reflect this multiplicity of contexts, in the expectation of new light on our subject-matter from a variety of angles.

    "Early Christianity" will appear four times a year. Each issue will contain four (or five) articles, at least one of which will be in German, together with sections devoted to new books, new discoveries, and new projects. Every issue will be the primary responsibility of each of the four co-editors in turn, every alternate issue will be devoted to a specific theme.

    Free access to the full text online is included in a subscription.

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