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Der Beitritt der Republik Krim zur Russ- ländischen Föderation aus der Warte des Selbstbestimmungsrechts der Völker

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The proclamation of the Republic of Crimea as independent and the subsequent accession to the Russian Federation (RF) is considered to be a legitimate realization of the Crimea people's right to self-determination. The adoption of the Republic of Crimea and the City of Sevastopol as new subjects of the Russian Federation is a process which has not started in February 2014 but which dates back to the end of the former Soviet Union and is roughly as old as the history of the independent Ukraine. It is part of the revolutionary events having taken place all over the Ukraine and answers anti-Russian movements in the Western part of the Ukraine and in the capital Kiev by pro-Russian forces, both of them acting on a revolutionary ground. Even assumed, the unidentified armed forces who appeared during the hasty final stage of the process (end of February until end of March 2014), were to be attributed to the RF, no annexation took place. The RF acted within the framework of a state answering to the request of a people exercising its right to self-determination by "free association or integration with an independent state" according to the terms of the Friendly Relations Declaration read in the context of the UN Charter and Article 1 of the UN Covenants 1966. Neither was Crimea's freedom to expression of its will limited or influenced, nor could Crimea be called a Ukrainian territory, when these events took place. Events to be considered part of revolution were superimposed by events as part of exercise of the Crimea people's right to self-determination. These conclusions are supported by taking evidence from a detailed analysis of the historical example of Slovenia and to a small degree also of Estonia and comparing this analysis to the relationship between the Ukraine and Crimea in the period 1990–2014.
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Language: German

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 June 2014

More about this publication?
  • Archiv des Völkerrechts (Archive of Public International Law - AVR) has been founded as a quarterly journal in 1948. With its scientific papers, reports and book reviews, the journal covers the full spectrum of developments in public international law.

    Das Archiv des Völkerrechts ist eine im Jahre 1948 gegründete Vierteljahresschrift. In Abhandlungen, Berichten und Buchbesprechungen behandelt sie die Entwicklung des internationalen Rechts in seiner ganzen Breite. Das AVR ist ein Forum der deutschsprachigen Völkerrechtswissenschaft und sucht den internationalen Dialog des Faches.

    Die Beiträge reflektieren dogmatische und theoretische Grundfragen des Völkerrechts ebenso wie die Entwicklung der internationalen Rechtsprechung. Die behandelten Rechtsgebiete reichen vom überlieferten Kernbestand des zwischenstaatlichen Völkerrechts und des Rechts der bewaffneten Konflikte über das Recht internationaler Organisationen, die Menschenrechte, das Umweltvölkerrecht und Welthandelsrecht bis hin zu Fragen des internationalen Verwaltungsrechts.

    Im Mittelpunkt standen in der jüngsten Zeit neben Beiträgen zu aktuellen völkerrechtlichen Konflikten insbesondere die Diskussion um die wechselseitige Durchdringung partikularer und universeller Rechtsordnungen und die Entstehung einer materialen völkerrechtlichen Prinzipienordnung.Das AVR erscheint vierteljährlich und veröffentlicht Beiträge in deutscher, englischer und französischer Sprache.

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