If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Combined Early Treatment with Chelating Agents DMSA and CaDTPA in Acute Oral Cadmium Exposure

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Download / Buy Article:

Abstract:

Abstract:

The influence of chelating agents: meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA); calcium trisodium diethylenetriaminepentaacetate (CaDTPA) and their combination on mobilisation of cadmium (Cd) was compared in female albino rats. After oral Cd administration chelators were applied either orally (DMSA) or intraperitoneally (CaDTPA) at various short time intervals after Cd. Three experiments were carried out with four treatment groups in each: 1) Cd (control); 2) Cd+DMSA; 3) Cd+CaDTPA; 4) Cd+DMSA+CaDTPA. Time intervals for chelator treatment after Cd administration were: immediate application in the first, half an hour in the second and one hour in the third experiment. At the end of each experiment cadmium was analysed in kidney and liver. Additionaly in Experiment 3 essential elements (Fe, Cu, Zn) were also determined in the same organs. In Experiment 2 the effect of the treatment on urinary elimination of cadmium, copper and zinc were analysed. Results showed that the efficiency of Cd removal from the body (kidneys and liver) is lower when the time between Cd and chelating agents administration is longer. The two chelators differ in efficiency in mobilizing Cd, with DMSA being more efficient than CaDTPA. The combined therapy with the two chelators gave generally better results. It seems that DMSA which is given orally after oral Cd administration removes this element very efficiently from the gastrointestinal tract. CaDTPA, however, which is given parenterally removes absorbed Cd less efficiently. Organs are not significantly depleted in iron and copper after chelation treatment. Only zinc concentration was, however, significantly lower in the liver and higher in kidneys only after CaDTPA and combined DMSA+CaDTPA chelation.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2004.pto940304.x

Affiliations: Mineral Metabolism Unit, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, P.O. Box 291, 10001 Zagreb, Croatia

Publication date: March 1, 2004

More about this publication?
  • Formerly Pharmacology & Toxicology
Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more