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The minimal melanogenesis dose/minimal erythema dose ratio declines with increasing skin pigmentation using solar simulator and narrowband ultraviolet B exposure

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Abstract:

Purpose:

To investigate the relation between pre-exposure skin pigmentation and the minimal melanogenesis dose (MMD)/minimal erythema dose (MED) ratio after a single narrowband ultraviolet B (nUVB) and solar simulator (Solar) exposure. Background:

In fair-skinned individuals, it is well known that the UV dose to give pigmentation (MMD) after a single exposure to UVB is larger than the UV dose to elicit erythema (MED) (MED
Eighty-four volunteers with a wide variation in skin pigmentation (Fitzpatrick skin types I–V) were included. Results:

After a single Solar or nUVB exposure we found that the ratio MMD/MED depends on skin pigmentation. In light-pigmented individuals, up to 1.9 MED is required to induce pigmentation (MMD). The MMD/MED ratio is about 1.5 in medium-pigmented and dark-pigmented individuals. In very brown-pigmented individuals the MMD/MED ratio is 1 (MED=MMD). This connection was most pronounced for facultative skin at wintertime. The ratio was almost stable for constitutive pigmentation with MMD/MED=1.3. The ratios were almost independent of skin type. Conclusion:

The ratio MMD/MED is highly dependent on skin pigmentation after a single exposure to Solar or nUVB and is independent of skin type.

Keywords: erythema; pigmentation; single UV exposure; ultraviolet radiation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0781.2010.00508.x

Affiliations: Department of Dermatology, Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Publication date: June 1, 2010

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