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Immunomodulatory effects of ultraviolet B irradiation on atopic dermatitis in NC/Nga mice

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Abstract:

Background:

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common pruritic inflammatory skin disease, which occurs primarily in childhood. Recently, narrow-band ultraviolet B (UVB) phototherapy has been used to treat AD, but the mechanism involved is unknown. In this study, we investigated whether UVB irradiation influences AD in the NC/Nga mouse. Methods:

The mice were separated into three groups: control, AD-control (immunized with mite antigens), and AD+UVB-irradiated (immunized with mite antigens and UVB irradiation) groups. The mice in the irradiation group were exposed to 1 kJ/m2/day twice a week from 6 to 12 weeks of age. Animals in the control and AD-control groups were shaved, but not irradiated. Results:

In the AD+UVB-irradiated group, the atopy score, ear thickness, and total immunoglobulin E (IgE) were increased in comparison with the AD-control group. On day 40, the levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-10 in the spleen lymphocytes were significantly increased compared with the AD-control group, resulting in a marked decrease of the interferon (IFN)-/IL-4 ratio compared with the AD-control group. In addition, the levels of IL-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and NOx production by peritoneal macrophages were significantly elevated. Conclusion:

These results indicate that UVB irradiation promotes the development of AD-like skin lesions in NC/Nga mice.

Keywords: NC/Nga mice; atopic dermatitis; cytokine; nitric oxide; ultraviolet B

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0781.2007.00297.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Radiation Biosciences, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, Chiba, Japan, and 2: Laboratory of Radiation Biology, Graduate School of Nutritional and Environmental Sciences, University of Shizuoka, Shizuoka, Japan

Publication date: 2007-08-01

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