Acute effects of UVB radiation on the proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes
The effects of UVB radiation on the proliferation and differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes were investigated with respect to timing, dosage, and repeated exposures. Methods:
Nine healthy volunteers were placed into three subgroups and exposed to UVB radiation on buttock skin using a Waldmann UV 800 unit fitted with Philips TL-20W/12 fluorescent lamps. Three volunteers were given 2 MED of UVB and biopsied at: pre-exposure, 24, 48 and 72 h after UVB exposure. For three volunteers, 1 MED, 2 MED, 3 MED of UVB were applied. After 48 h, biopsies were taken from non-irradiated and irradiated sites. Finally, three volunteers received 1 MED of UVB daily for 5 days, and the non-irradiated and irradiated sites were biopsied 48 h after the final exposure. The expression of proliferation and differentiation markers by keratinocytes were detected by immunohistochemical staining, and the results were analysed quantitatively by image analysis. Results:
The expression of proliferation and differentiation markers was observed prominently 48 h after irradiation. Higher doses of UVB caused an increase in proliferation and differentiation marker expression. Repeated exposures potentiated the effect of UVB radiation. Conclusion:
UVB irradiation concomitantly promotes epidermal proliferation and differentiation. Responses were maximal 48 h after irradiation. This effect of UVB increases linearly according to dose and repetition.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Laboratory of Cutaneous Ageing Research, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea
Publication date: 2002-10-01