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Acute effects of UVB radiation on the proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes

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Purpose:

The effects of UVB radiation on the proliferation and differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes were investigated with respect to timing, dosage, and repeated exposures. Methods:

Nine healthy volunteers were placed into three subgroups and exposed to UVB radiation on buttock skin using a Waldmann UV 800 unit fitted with Philips TL-20W/12 fluorescent lamps. Three volunteers were given 2 MED of UVB and biopsied at: pre-exposure, 24, 48 and 72 h after UVB exposure. For three volunteers, 1 MED, 2 MED, 3 MED of UVB were applied. After 48 h, biopsies were taken from non-irradiated and irradiated sites. Finally, three volunteers received 1 MED of UVB daily for 5 days, and the non-irradiated and irradiated sites were biopsied 48 h after the final exposure. The expression of proliferation and differentiation markers by keratinocytes were detected by immunohistochemical staining, and the results were analysed quantitatively by image analysis. Results:

The expression of proliferation and differentiation markers was observed prominently 48 h after irradiation. Higher doses of UVB caused an increase in proliferation and differentiation marker expression. Repeated exposures potentiated the effect of UVB radiation. Conclusion:

UVB irradiation concomitantly promotes epidermal proliferation and differentiation. Responses were maximal 48 h after irradiation. This effect of UVB increases linearly according to dose and repetition.
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Keywords: UVB; differentiation; keratinocytes; proliferation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Dermatology, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Laboratory of Cutaneous Ageing Research, Clinical Research Institute, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea

Publication date: 2002-10-01

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