Expression of miR‐155 and miR‐126 in situ in cutaneous T‐cell lymphoma

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Abstract:

Recently, miR‐155 has been implicated in cutaneous T‐cell lymphoma (CTCL). Thus, elevated levels of miR‐155 were observed in skin lesions from CTCL patients as judged from qPCR and micro‐array analysis and aberrant, high miR‐155 expression was associated with severe disease. Moreover, miR‐155 promoted proliferation of malignant T cells in vitro. Little is, however, known about which cell types express miR‐155 in vivo in CTCL skin lesions. Here, we study miR‐155 expression using in situ hybridization (ISH) with a miR‐155 probe, a negative control (scrambled), and a miR‐126 probe as a positive control in nine patients with mycosis fungoides, the most frequent subtype of CTCL. We provide evidence that both malignant and non‐malignant T cells stain weakly to moderately positive with the miR‐155 probe, but generally negative with the miR‐126 and negative control probes. Reversely, endothelial cells stain positive for miR‐126 and negative for miR‐155 and the control probe. Solitary T cells with a malignant morphology display brighter staining with the miR‐155 probe. Taken together, our findings suggest that both malignant and non‐malignant T cells express miR‐155 in situ in CTCL. Moreover, they indicate heterogeneity in miR‐155 expression among malignant T cells.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/apm.12162

Publication date: November 1, 2013

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