The JAK2V617F allele burden and STAT3‐ and STAT5 phosphorylation in myeloproliferative neoplasms: early prefibrotic myelofibrosis compared with essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera and myelofibrosis

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Abstract:

Risum M, Madelung A, Bondo H, Bzorek M, Kristensen MH, Stamp IM, Hasselbalch HC. The JAK2V617F allele burden and STAT3‐ and STAT5 phosphorylation in myeloproliferative neoplasms: early prefibrotic myelofibrosis compared with essential thrombocythemia, polycythemia vera and myelofibrosis. APMIS 2011; 119: 498–504.

Early prefibrotic myelofibrosis (early PMF) is a diagnosis that clinically and histologically mimic essential thrombocythemia (ET), but is important to distinguish from ET, polycythemia vera (PV) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) due to its different prognosis and clinical evolution. In this study, we assessed the allele burden of JAK2V617F in bone marrow biopsies from patients with these chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms. We correlated our findings with the amount of phosphorylated STAT3 (P‐STAT3) and STAT5 (P‐STAT5) in megakaryocyte nuclei in the bone marrow. The JAK2V617F allele burden was significantly higher in patients with PV (median: 50.99, range: 23.08–97.29, p < 0.01 and p < 0.01) and PMF (median: 44.13, range: 33.61–92.17, p < 0.05 and p < 0.01) compared with a low allele burden in ET (median: 23.465, range: 8.67–47.92) and early PMF (median: 25.68, range: 0.61–49.13) respectively. In addition, we found a significantly higher phosphorylation of STAT5 and STAT3 in the JAK2V617F positive group than in the negative group. There was no positive correlation between increasing JAK2V617F allele burden and the amount of P‐STAT3 and P‐STAT5. However, we found low values of P‐STAT5 in bone marrow biopsies from patients with ETJAK2V617F+ as compared with patients with early PMFJAK2V617F+. Although this difference was statistically significant, larger studies are needed to firmly support this conclusion.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0463.2011.02754.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Hematology, Roskilde Hospital, Roskilde 2: Department of Clinical Pathology, Naestved Hospital, Naestved, Denmark

Publication date: August 1, 2011

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