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Comparison of methods of DNA extraction for real-time PCR in a model of pleural tuberculosis

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Santos A, Cremades R, Rodríguez JC, García-Pachón E, Ruiz M, Royo G. Comparison of methods of DNA extraction for real-time PCR in a model of pleural tuberculosis. APMIS 2010; 118: 60–5.

Molecular methods have been reported to have different sensitivities in the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis and this may in part be caused by the use of different methods of DNA extraction. Our study compares nine DNA extraction systems in an experimental model of pleural tuberculosis. An inoculum of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was added to 23 pleural liquid samples with different characteristics. DNA was subsequently extracted using nine different methods (seven manual and two automatic) for analysis with real-time PCR. Only two methods were able to detect the presence of M. tuberculosis DNA in all the samples: extraction using columns (Qiagen) and automated extraction with the TNAI system (Roche). The automatic method is more expensive, but requires less time. Almost all the false negatives were because of the difficulty involved in extracting M. tuberculosis DNA, as in general, all the methods studied are capable of eliminating inhibitory substances that block the amplification reaction. The method of M. tuberculosis DNA extraction used affects the results of the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis by molecular methods. DNA extraction systems that have been shown to be effective in pleural liquid should be used.
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Keywords: Molecular diagnosis; pleural effusion; polymerase chain reaction; tuberculosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Sections of Microbiology 2: Respiratory Medicine, Hospital General Universitario de Elche and Universidad Miguel Hernández, Elche, Spain

Publication date: 2010-01-01

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