PlGF expression in pre-invasive and invasive lesions of uterine cervix is associated with angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis
Most vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF) have been shown to be associated with lymphangiogenesis and angiogenesis in various cancers. However, whether placental growth factor (PlGF), a rarely mentioned VEGF member, is involved in the pathogenesis of uterine cervical lesions remains unclear. To address this issue, we examined the relationship between PlGF expression and clinicopathologic variables in patients with pre-invasive and invasive lesions of uterine cervix. Sixty-two cervical specimens were immunostained with PlGF polyclonal antibody to define PlGF expression, and monoclonal antibodies D2-40 and CD34 to evaluate the lymphatic vessel density (LVD) and blood vessel density (BVD) of the lesions. PlGF mRNA level was detected by RT-PCR in all lesions from fresh tissues. We found that the levels of PlGF protein and mRNA expression were related to clinical stages (p < 0.05), but not to other clinicopathologic variables. No significant difference in PlGF expression was observed between squamous carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. Increased LVD and BVD were all associated with advanced stages (p < 0.001). Although LVD was strongly correlated with BVD, only high LVD was associated with pelvic lymphatic metastasis. Moreover, the level of PlGF expression was associated with both BVD(r = 0.715, p < 0.001) and LVD(r = 0.321, p < 0.05). Together, our study suggests that PlGF may participate in both tumor-associated angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis of cervical carcinogenesis.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: 1: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 2: Institute of Pathology, Tongji Hospital, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Publication date: 2009-11-01