Hatano Y, Taniuchi S, Masuda M, Tsuji S, Ito T, Hasui M, Kobayashi Y, Kaneko K. Phagocytosis of heat-killed Staphylococcus aureus by eosinophils: comparison with neutrophils. APMIS 2009; 117: 115–23. Eosinophils are characterized by several functional properties, such as chemotaxis, adhesion, superoxide anion production, and degranulation. In this article, we have studied the role of bacterial ingestion by eosinophils in comparison with that by neutrophils. Eosinophils and neutrophils were purified by using the Percoll gradient method followed by selection with CD16-coated immunomagnetic beads and centrifugation through a Ficoll-Hypaque gradient combined with dextran sedimentation, respectively. Both cells were preincubated with anti-FcRIIa mAb (CD32 mAb), anti-FcRIIIb mAb (CD16 mAb), anti-CR3 (CD11b mAb), or anti-CR1 (CD35 mAb) before being examined for phagocytosis of opsonized heat-killed Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). Phagocytosis and production of hydrogen peroxide were simultaneously measured by flow cytometry using S. aureus labeled with propidium iodide and stained with 2′,7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate. Eosinophils showed significantly lower activity than neutrophils in both phagocytosis and hydrogen peroxide production. Phagocytosis by both cells was decreased by heat-inactivated serum. Phagocytosis by neutrophils was significantly inhibited by CD16 mAb and CD32 mAb, whereas that by eosinophils was only inhibited by CD35 mAb. Whereas the mechanism of phagocytosis by neutrophils was mediated by CD16 and CD32, that of eosinophils was modulated by complement receptor 1 (CD35).