Aberrant methylation in promoter regions of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary gland
Abstract:Daa T, Kashima K, Kondo Y, Yada N, Suzuki M, Yokoyama S. Aberrant methylation in promoter regions of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor genes in adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary gland. APMIS 2008;116:21–26.
Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a common malignant neoplasm of the salivary gland. The mechanism underlying ACC carcinogenesis is not fully elucidated, although data on associated genetic alterations are accumulating. Cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (CKIs) act as tumor suppressors in various cancers, and aberrant methylation in the CKI gene promoter region has been linked to gene silencing and downregulation of expression. The present study investigated methylation of CKI genes, p15, p18, p19, p21, and p27, in 34 cases of ACC. We found frequent and plural methylations of these genes in most cases (68.8% in p15, 90.3% in p18, 78.8% in p19, 92.3% in p21, and 26.5% in p27). Cell cycle disruption induced by these epigenetic aberrations might be important in the tumorigenesis of ACC.