Evidence for a reserpine-affected mechanism of resistance to tetracycline in Neisseria gonorrhoeae


Source: Apmis, Volume 113, Number 10, October 2005 , pp. 670-674(5)

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

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Ruiz J, Ribera A, Jurado A, Marco F, Vila J. Evidence for a reserpine-affected mechanism of resistance to tetracycline in Neisseria gonorrhoeae. APMIS 2005;113:670–4.

The presence of a reserpine-affected mechanism of tetracycline resistance was investigated in 17 Neisseria gonorrhoeae clinical isolates. To establish this fact the MIC of tetracycline in the presence and absence of reserpine was determined, and, in addition, mechanisms of tetracycline resistance were analyzed by PCR. The results showed that reserpine affects the MIC of tetracycline at least 4-fold in all isolates, including those containing the tetM gene. An inhibitory effect of reserpine against the MtrCDE efflux system was ruled out by using strains either with an inactive or with an unrepressed MtrCDE system. The results suggest the presence of a constitutive system of resistance to tetracycline, by a possible efflux pump, which may be inhibited by reserpine. Further studies are required to determine the exact nature of the action of reserpine on the MIC of tetracycline.

Keywords: Neisseria gonorrhoeae; reserpine; resistance; tetracycline

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0463.2005.apm_303.x

Affiliations: Servei de Microbiologia, Centre de Diagnóstic Biomèdic, IDIBAPS, Facultat de Medicina, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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