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In vitro susceptibility of yeasts isolated from patients in intensive care units to fluconazole and amphotericin B during a 3-year period

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Kucukates E, Erturan Z, Susever S, Yegenoglu Y. In vitro susceptibility of yeasts isolated from patients in intensive care units to fluconazole and amphotericin B during a 3-year period. APMIS 113;2005:278–83.

Fungal infections have increased dramatically in recent years and candidemia is a major risk factor for morbidity and mortality in intensive care units (ICUs). Candidemia has been considered to be a nosocomial infection that is strongly associated with neutropenia, recent surgery or presence of intravascular lines, and previous colonization is an independent risk factor. We evaluated the in vitro efficacy of fluconazole and amphotericin B against yeasts isolated from various clinical specimens of colonized or infected patients treated in the ICUs of the Institute of Cardiology, Istanbul University. A total of 1397 ICU patients were treated at the Institute of Cardiology between January 2000 and December 2002. A total of 117 yeasts isolated from 97 patients were included in this study. These ICU patients were hospitalized for a mean of 29 days. All yeasts were identified by conventional methods and using the API (20C AUX, ID 32C) system (Bio Meriéux, France). Susceptibility to fluconazole and amphotericin B was evaluated using the E-test (AB Biodisk, Solna, Sweden). The most commonly isolated yeast was Candida albicans (72.6%), followed by Candida tropicalis (16.2%), Candida kefyr, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis, Trichosporon mucoides and Geotrichum spp. Fluconazole and amphotericin B MIC90 values were 0.75 μg/ml; 0.19 μg/ml and 1 μg/ml; 0.38 μg/ml for C. albicans and C. tropicalis, respectively. All Geotrichum spp. were found to be susceptible-dose dependent (SDD) (MIC=16–32 μg/ml) to fluconazole. Two C. albicans, two C. tropicalis, one C. krusei and one Geotrichum spp. had a MIC value of ≥0.38 μg/ml for amphotericin B. The rate of colonization was 3.36% (47/1397). Only 10 (0.71%) patients out of a total of 1397 developed candidemia during the period of the investigation. Of these, 7 (70%) were caused by non-albicans Candida spp.
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Keywords: Candida; amphotericin B; antifungal susceptibility; fluconazole; intensive care unit; yeast

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Microbiology and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey

Publication date: 2005-04-01

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