Expression of adhesion molecules and Ki-67 in female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO): Report of two cases and review of the literature: Case report
Li CC, Qian ZR, Hirokawa M, Sano T, Pan CC, Hsu CY, Yang AH, Chiang H. Expression of adhesion molecules and Ki-67 in female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO): Report of two cases and review of the literature. APMIS 2004;112:390–8.
Female adnexal tumor of probable Wolffian origin (FATWO) is a rare entity which is believed to originate from mesonephric (Wolffian) remnants on the basis of its location where the remnants are abundant. Its behavior is usually indolent, although some cases can recur or metastasize. The authors present the clinicopathological features of two cases of FATWO arising in the broad ligament, and focus on the expression of adhesion molecules and proliferative marker. Mesonephric duct remnants are also examined in an attempt to elucidate the histogenesis of FATWOs. The two FATWOs were well-circumscribed solid masses arising in the leaves of the broad ligament and histological examination revealed a mixture of cysts and tubules imparting a sieve-like pattern and mucin-negative eosinophilic secretion within these tubules. Immunohistochemically, the tumors showed the expression of cytokeratin 7 and 20, high-molecular-weight cytokeratin, and calretinin, which closely resembled that of the mesonephric duct remnants. Regarding CK 20, CD 10, EMA, S-100 protein, and vimentin their expression was in part not identical with previous studies. E-cadherin, α and β-catenin were strongly expressed along the cell membrane of the tumor cells. The Ki-67 labeling index of FATWO was 0% and 3.2% in each case. The preservation of the E-cadherin-catenin complex and low Ki-67 labeling index could explain the indolent behavior and low malignant potential of this tumor.