If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Myocarditis and sudden infant death syndrome

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Download / Buy Article:

Abstract:

Råsten-Almqvist P, Eksborg S, Rajs J. Myocarditis and sudden infant death syndrome. APMIS 2002;110:469–80.

This is a retrospective survey of findings of myocarditis in 437 infants under the age of 1 year who died suddenly and unexpectedly between 1982 and 1999, and were investigated at the Department of Forensic Medicine in Stockholm, Sweden. Myocarditis was diagnosed in 69/410 infants who died naturally (16.8%) and in 2/27 violent deaths (7.4%). In 43/410 natural deaths (10.5%) the myocarditis was an isolated finding and the only explanation for cause of death and in 26 (6.3%) there were additional possible causes of death. The myocarditis was acute in 45/69 and chronic in 24/69 natural deaths, and was found to occur as early as at a few weeks of age. No specific risk factors were found when reviewing critical time of year, age, gender, previous symptoms, sleeping position, aspiration of gastric contents and environmental factors in infant deaths with finding of myocarditis compared to 313 deaths due to sudden infant death syndrome. Myocarditis was found in 13 of 37 deaths where cultures for cytomegalovirus were positive. More than 50% of the foci of the isolated myocarditis were located in the upper part of the interventricular septum and the adjacent part of the right atrium, areas including parts of the conduction system. This localisation is significant for the cause of death when comparing deaths with myocarditis as an isolated finding to deaths with other possible causes.

Keywords: Cause of death; myocarditis; SIDS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0463.2002.100605.x

Affiliations: 1: Department of Oncology-Pathology, Department of Forensic Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden, 2: Karolinska Pharmacy, Karolinska Hospital, Sweden

Publication date: June 1, 2002

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more