The prognostic importance of the nucleolar organizer region (AgNOR), Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in primary nonurachal bladder adenocarcinoma
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of tumor proliferation in patients with nonurachal bladder adenocarcinoma. Samples were obtained from 16 patients (12 men and 4 women, mean age 62 years) with primary nonrurachal bladder adenocarcinoma. The 16 formalin-fixed specimens were stained immunohistochemically for Ki-67 antigen and PCNA using MIB-1 and PC-10 antibodies. In addition, the AgNOR quantity was assessed using the colloid silver nitrate staining technique in all cases. The Ki-67, PCNA and AgNOR proliferation indices were found to be significantly higher in high-grade and invasive tumors. The higher the grade (p<0.01) and stage (p<0.01), the higher were the proliferation indices. Patients whose tumor samples had a high Ki-67, PCNA and AgNOR proliferation index showed a higher incidence of local recurrence (p<0.01) and distant metastasis (p<0.01). In conclusion, our results suggest that Ki-67, PCNA and AgNOR proliferation scores may be important prognostic indices in nonurachal bladder adenocarcinomas.
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Document Type: Original Article
Publication date: 2001-06-01