Changed expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules and increased production of reactive oxygen species caused by Streptococcus pyogenes in human whole blood

$48.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Download / Buy Article:

Abstract:

To elucidate the innate immune responses to group A streptococci (GAS) important in the pathophysiology of sepsis, flow cytometric techniques were applied to study the effects of live and heat-inactivated GAS, including their particulate and soluble components, on the expression of leukocyte adhesion molecules CD11b (Mac-1) and CD62L (L-selectin), and leukocyte production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in human whole blood. GAS caused marked time- and concentration-dependent increases in CD11b and ROS, while CD62L was downregulated. Live and heat-inactivated GAS induced similar changes in leukocyte adhesion molecules, whereas ROS production induced by heat-inactivated GAS (and its particulate fraction) was 4 (2.5)-fold higher than with live GAS. Leukocyte nitric oxide production (24 h) was not enhanced. Although GAS proved a more potent inducer of ROS production, leukocyte responses to GAS were similar to those reported for lipolysaccharides, indicating that Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria activate common pathways in the inflammatory response. High ROS production may contribute to tissue damage caused by GAS.

Keywords: Inflammation; immune response; nitric oxide; oxygen radicals; sepsis; shock

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0463.2000.d01-99.x

Affiliations: 1: Research Forum, Ullevaal University Hospital, Oslo and 2: Department of Bacteriology, National Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway

Publication date: September 1, 2000

Related content

Tools

Favourites

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more