Aim. To study the correlation between the expression of topoisomerase II and Ki-67 antigen and disease outcome in cervical squamous cell carcinomas. Experimental design. Forty-nine cervical carcinomas, 10 cases of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN II-III) and 5 control cervices were stained by monoclonal antibodies for topoisomerase II and Ki-67 (MIB-1 clone). Nuclear counts were correlated with patient age, tumor stage, histological grade and survival. Results. Thirteen patients died of disease, 35 remained free of disease, and one patient was lost to follow up. Ki-67 counts were higher in CIN lesions, when compared to both invasive carcinomas and control cervices. Topoisomerase II counts were comparable for CIN and invasive tumors. No immunoreactivity for topoisomerase was detected in control cases. Neither stage nor grade was associated with nuclear counts using either marker. In multivariate survival analysis, stage (p=0.001), grade (p=0.03) and older patient age (p=0.02) predicted poor survival. Ki-67 counts predicted survival with borderline significance (p=0.07), while topoisomerase II counts were not related to survival. Conclusion. Ki-67 and topoisomerase II counts do not appear to have a significant role in the prediction of survival in cervical squamous cell carcinoma.