Atrial septal defect with interatrial aneurysm and Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome
The aim of this presentation is to report a rare association between interatrial aneurysm and Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome.
We present a 20-year-old girl with Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, in whom the diagnosis was confirmed by the facial dysmorphic appearance, slit-lamp examination, applanation tonometer, gonioscopy, and cardiovascular examination.
The patient had prominent Schwalbe's line in all quadrants, iris atrophy, and secondary glaucoma in both eyes. The echocardiogram revealed an atrial septal defect with interatrial aneurysm.
This is the first case report of coexisting Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome and interatrial aneurysm. We would like to stress that aneurysm can be a potential occult source of cerebral embolism.