Comparability of three-dimensional optic disc imaging with different techniques: A study with confocal scanning laser tomography and raster tomography
We wanted to compare optic nerve head topography measurements and discrimination between normal and glaucomatous eyes with two entirely different three-dimensional optic disc imaging techniques, confocal scanning laser tomography (Heidelberg Retina Tomograph, Heidelberg Engineering) and raster tomography (Glaucoma-Scope, Ophthalmic Imaging Systems).
Both eyes of 225 normal subjects and 229 eyes of 166 patients with glaucoma at different stages were imaged with the Heidelberg Retina Tomograph and the Glaucoma-Scope. Optics discs were analysed in 15° sectors around the circumference. Depth measurements were calibrated on objects with known dimensions.
We observed no significant differences in absolute measurements of maximum cup depth and cup area between the two instruments. We observed small differences in absolute measurements of disc anti rim area between the two instruments. Discrimination between normal and glaucomatous eyes was close to identical for the two instruments. Both instruments had the same ability to distinguish glaucomatous regional alterations of optic nerve head topography from normal disc configuration.
Both instruments while using entirely different principles for three-dimensional optic disc imaging gave very similar results. This correspondence of results implies that the same optic disc parameters can be analysed, and the results interpreted similarly for both methods, and probably with other three-dimensional imaging instruments. It may also indicate that results of studies with one of the instruments have general validity.