Physical exercise ameliorates deficits induced by traumatic brain injury
The extent and depth of traumatic brain injury (TBI) remains a major determining factor together with the type of structural insult and its location, whether mild, moderate or severe, as well as the distribution and magnitude of inflammation and loss of cerebrovascular
integrity, and the eventual efficacy of intervention. The influence of exercise intervention in TBI is multiple, ranging from anti‐apoptotic effects to the augmentation of neuroplasticity. Physical exercise diminishes cerebral inflammation by elevating factors and
agents involved in immunomodulatory function, and buttresses glial cell, cerebrovascular, and blood–brain barrier intactness. It provides unique non‐pharmacologic intervention that incorporate different physical activity regimes, whether dynamic or static, endurance or resistance.
Physical training regimes ought necessarily to be adapted to the specific demands of diagnosis, type and degree of injury and prognosis for individuals who have suffered TBI.