Combined thrombolysis with abciximab and rtPA in patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion

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Abstract:

Gahn G, Barlinn K, Dzialowski I, Puetz V, Kunz A, Hentschel H, Becker U. Combined thrombolysis with abciximab and rtPA in patients with middle cerebral artery occlusion.

Acta Neurol Scand: 2010: 121: 36–66.

© 2009 The Authors Journal compilation © 2009 Blackwell Munksgaard. Background – 

In patients with acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion, recanalization rates with intravenous (IV) recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) are limited. Aim– We evaluated the feasibility and safety of combined IV thrombolysis with abciximab and reduced dose rtPA in a 3- to 6-h time window. Methods – 

We prospectively (March 2002 to February 2005) studied patients with symptomatic MCA occlusion on computed tomography (CT) angiography and absence of major early ischemic changes (EIC) on non-contrast CT (NCCT) within 3–6 h from symptom onset. Patients were treated with IV abciximab and half-standard dose rtPA. Outcome parameters were symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), early clinical improvement and functional independence at discharge (modified Rankin Scale score ≤ 2). Results – 

Of 13 patients, mean age was 62 ± 11 years, onset-to-treatment time 4.8 ± 0.9 h and median baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score 11 (interquartile range 6.5–13.5). sICH occurred in one patient (8%). We observed early clinical improvement in four patients (31%). Six patients (46%) were functionally independent at discharge. Conclusions – 

In patients with acute symptomatic MCA occlusion and absence of major EIC on NCCT, combined IV thrombolysis with abciximab and half-standard dose rtPA was feasible and seemed to be safe if applied within 3–6 h from symptom onset.

Keywords: GP IIb/IIIa inhibitors; MCA occlusion; computed tomography; thrombolysis

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0404.2009.01241.x

Affiliations: Department of Neurology, Dresden University Stroke Center, University of Technology Dresden, Dresden, Germany

Publication date: January 1, 2010

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