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Costs of brain disorders in Finland

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Sillanpää M, Andlin-Sobocki P, Lönnqvist J. Costs of brain disorders in Finland.

Acta Neurol Scand: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0404.2007.00973.x.

© 2007 The Authors Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objective – 

To calculate the costs of brain disorders on the national level. Methods – 

Electronic data bases, national registers and internet data. Results – 

Any brain disorder was estimated to affect a fifth of the Finnish population. The three most common disorders were migraine, anxiety disorder and affective disorder. The total costs of brain disorders constituted 3% of the national gross product, or 45% of all the health-care costs. However, this is likely a conservative estimate, because not all chronic brain disorders and not all costs were included. Of the total costs of brain disorders, 32% were for direct health care, 23% for indirect medical care and 45% for indirect costs. Dementia was the most costly individual brain disorder followed by addiction and affective disorders. Most costly per case were brain tumours and multiple sclerosis. Conclusion – 

Brain disorders constitute a costly part of the population’s health costs. Directed preventive measures are needed to counteract the population morbidity and to control the increasing cost pressure in health care.

Keywords: chronic brain disorders; dementia; health costs; health economy; multiple sclerosis; national registers; population morbidity

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Departments of Public Health and Child Neurology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland 2: Department of Learning, Informatics, Management and Ethics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden 3: Departments of Mental Health and Alcohol Research, National Public Health Institute, and Department of Psychiatry, University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital, Helsinki, Finland

Publication date: 2008-03-01

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