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Activities of daily living performance in dementia

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Liu KPY, Chan CCH, Chu MML, Ng TYL, Chu LW, Hui FSL, Yuen HK, Fisher AG. Activities of daily living performance in dementia.

Acta Neurol Scand 2007: 116: 91–95. © 2007 The Authors Journal compilation © 2007 Blackwell Munksgaard. Objective – 

To explore the activities of daily living ADL performance profile of community-living people with dementia and to investigate its relationship with dementia severity. Materials & Methods –

ADL performance of 86 subjects were evaluated using Barthel Index (BI), Lawton and Brody's Instrumental Activities Daily Living (IADL) and Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS). Dementia severity was measured by Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR). Results – 

Subjects were able to perform most basic ADL (BI mean = 16.4) and some IADL (Lawton and Brody's IADL mean = 4.3). The AMPS process ability measure and the Lawton and Brody's IADL were significantly correlated with CDR (P < 0.01). Conclusions – 

Subjects with mild dementia were able to perform mostly all basic ADL and some IADL. The AMPS process ability measure and the Lawton and Brody's IADL could provide useful information on their ability to live independently in the community.
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Keywords: Barthel Index; Lawton and Brody's Instrumental Activities of Daily Living; activities of daily living; assessment of motor and process skills; dementia; rehabilitation

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong 2: Occupational Therapy Department, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong 3: Occupational Therapy Department, Grantham Hospital, Hong Kong 4: Department of Medicine, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 5: Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, South Carolina, USA 6: Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.

Publication date: 2007-08-01

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