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R-R interval variation in Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy

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Gurevich TYu, Groozman GB, Giladi N, Drory VE, Hausdorff JM, Korczyn AD. R-R interval variation in Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy.

Acta Neurol Scand 2004: 109: 276–279. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2004. Objective –

To investigate whether the cardiac R-R interval variation (RRIV) is of value in differentiating patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) from multiple system atrophy (MSA). Background –

RRIV assessment is a simple procedure, reflecting mainly vagal efferent activity. Reduced RRIV was reported in MSA. Methods –

RRIV at rest and after 120 s of deep breathing was assessed blindly to clinical diagnosis in 22 PD and 20 MSA patients. The results were compared with data from 23 age-matched healthy subjects. Results –

RRIV at rest was 7.1 ± 2.7% in PD and 9.7 ± 7.2% in MSA, increasing after deep breathing to 11.2 ± 6.3 and 12.3 ± 6.6% correspondingly. The frequency of the RRIV abnormalities in the PD group (4/22, 18.2%) and MSA (6/20, 30%) were higher than among controls (P < 0.004). Conclusions –

RRIV, either at rest or after deep breathing, may be abnormal both in PD and MSA, but does not distinguish between these disorders.
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Keywords: Parkinson's disease; autonomic function; heart rate variability; multiple system atrophy

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2004-04-01

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