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Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury: a population based study in western Sweden

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Andersson EH, Björklund R, Emanuelson I, Stålhammar D. Epidemiology of traumatic brain injury: a population based study in western Sweden.

Acta Neurol Scand 2003: 107: 256–259. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2003. Background –

This study on traumatic brain injury (TBI) is based on prospective and retrospective population based data from a head injury register in Borås. Methods –

Data was collected from the hospital emergency unit, the discharge register, the regional neurosurgical clinic and the coroner's records during 1 year. This district is mixed urban and rural with a population of 138 000. Results –

The 753 cases identified represent an incidence of 546 per 100 000 which includes deaths (0.7%), hospital admissions (67%) and attendance at the emergency department in patients not admitted (32%). Males (644 per 100 000), had 1.46 higher overall rate than females (442 per 100 000). The external causes were dominated by fall from same level (31%) and fall from different level (27%) followed by traffic accidents (16%) and persons hit by objects (15%). Conclusions –

The incidence of TBI found in this study is high but well in accordance with earlier published Swedish studies.

Keywords: epidemiology; incidence; traumatic brain injury

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Central Hospital Borås, Borås, Sweden; Departments of 2: Health of Women and Children and 3: Institute of Clinical Neuroscience, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, Sweden

Publication date: April 1, 2003


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