Skip to main content

Varicella, ephemeral breastfeeding and eczema as risk factors for multiple sclerosis in Mexicans

Buy Article:

The full text article is temporarily unavailable.

We apologise for the inconvenience. Please try again later.


Objectives– It has been suggested that the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) in Mexico and other countries of Latin America has increased steadily for the last two decades. We made a thorough search of antecedents on MS patients that could be potential risk factors. Methods– A case–control study was conducted using a questionnaire that included demographic, nutritional, infectious and personal antecedents previously identified in other reports as possible risk factors for MS. Results– The frequency of varicella, ephemeral breastfeeding and eczema in the medical history of MS patients were significant when compared with controls; all appeared to be mutually additive. However, they were unrelated with clinical characteristics or disease severity. Conclusion– During the last decades, breastfeeding has been abandoned in large segments of society and the incidence of varicella and childhood eczema keeps a north–south gradient similar to that described for MS. These factors may participate in the sharp increase of MS in countries like Mexico traditionally considered as an area of very low incidence.

Keywords: breastfeeding; eczema; multiple sclerosis; multiple sclerosis in Latin America; varicella virus

Document Type: Original Article

Affiliations: Neuroimmunology Unit, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico

Publication date: February 1, 2002


Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more